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07 May 2007 @ 03:59 pm
TR AND HIS BIG STICK  

05.06

 

Imperialism!

- continuation of Manifest Destiny

- politicians wanted more power and wealth for US

- more money = more political power

- missionaries spreading Protestantism

- see Catholicism as old news

- social Darwinism: our culture should be spread everywhere, like BUTTER

- Insular Cases: constitution does not follow the flag

- countries have to follow our rule

- Kipling: wrote White Man’s Burden

- we should help the little brown brothers!

- easy way to get raw materials from countries

- like mercantilism

- Seward’s Folly: reaching out to get land

- Alaska: Seward’s icebox

- bought from Russia

- Hawaii: already independent country w/ limited democracy

- white planters voted to change constitution

- overthrew queen and became American territory

- wanted to overcome tariff on sugar

- Cleveland: NO WAI, GUYFS

- he was a Democrat! (Republicans were the ones who wanted imperialism)

- Adm. Alfred Thayer Mahan: to succeed, need great navy

- wrote The Influence of Sea Power upon History

- Spanish-American War 1890-98:

- we want Cuba; need to knock out Spanish

- time for war!

- causes: treatment of Cubans

- Gen. Valeriano Weyler put Cubans in concentration camps

- yellow journalism: Hearst & Pulitzer used propaganda

- Frederick Remington: paints pictures of alleged events

- “you give me pictures, I’ll give a war”

- blowing up the Maine in Havaaaaaaaaaana!

- OMG YOU SPILLED AMERICAN BLOOD?! O:

- DeLome letter: saying mean things about McKinley

- TR: Assistant Sec’y of Navy

- Rough Riders!

- led by Col. Leonard Wood; TR a strategist

- sends Adm. Dewey to invade Manila Harbor and capture Spanish fleet while his superior is on leave

- war is in Cuba, but we’re fighting in THE P.I.

- fighting the Spanish navy, not Spain

- short war

- more people died of disease than sustained injuries

- results: picked up Puerto Rico, Guam, Cuba,  P.I.

- Puerto Rico, Guam became territories

- Cuba wanted to be free

- Teller Amendment: free Cuba, give them constitution, set up gov’t

- Europe laughed at us D:

- Platt Amd.: made Cuba U.S. protectorate

- we have the right to protect it

- need navy base (Guantanamo Bay)

- what to do w/ Philippines?

- Dems.: no imperialism!

- William Jennings Bryan

- EMILIO OMG: we want to be independent!

- McKinley: we can:

- give back the Philippines

- let them be independent

- make them American possession

- they aren’t ready!

- Philippine-American war

- RAAAAR EMILIO LEADS

- Emilio loses ):

- John Hay: Open Door Policy

- open trade in China (break spheres of influence)

- writes Open Door Note to Europe

- China should have fair competition!

- no right to carve up China

- only Italy responded (they didn’t have anything)

- Boxer Rebellion: attack foreigners (super-nationalists)

- end up paying millions in damages

- McKinley dies (1901), TR BECOMES PREZ

- continues imperialism

- uses Great White Fleet as BIG STICK

- sends them to Caribbean

- adds Roosevelt Corollary to Monroe Doctrine

- if Europe interferes in S.A., we’re intervening

- Europe sending over tax collectors (navy) to S.A.

- TR: RAWR NO YOU CAN’T DO THAT

- Marines go to South America to support investment (Taft’s dollar diplomacy)

- Bad Neighbors!

- WILSUN: sends Marines to Dominican Rep.

- Japanese foreign policy:

- TR helped w/ Russo-Japanese treaty @ Portsmouth

- Japanese insulted by quota system

- SF: Japanese had to have own schools

- Gentlemen’s Agreement: if Japanese stopped immigrating, we would lift ban on Japanese going to school

- Root-Takahira agreement: Great White Fleet impressed Japanese

- agreement of non-aggression and respect of each other and China

- Panama: TR wanted shorter route from Atlantic to Pacific

- Panama was perfect!

- …but it belonged to Colombia

- helped Panamanians w/ Great White Fleet to assist rebellion

- Clayton-Bulwar Treaty: we would not build canal w/o notifying Britain

- Hay/Pauncefote Treaty: broke deal w/ British

 
 
federal territory: 117
national sentiment: irritatedTOO HOT D: